Article 7319

Title of the article



Popov Vasiliy Petrovich, doctor of historical sciences, professor, sub-department of contemporary Russian history, Institute of History and Politics, Moscow Pedagogical State University (building 1, 1, Malaya Pirogovskaya street, Moscow, Russia), E-mail: 

Index UDK





Background. The article is explore the main directions of historical thought of the last decades on the problem of collectivization of USSR agriculture. The goal is to acquaint the reader with the changes in the assessments of this complex political and economic phenomenon that have appeared in the Russian historical literature in recent years and which are still debatable.
Materials and methods. This research is based on the works of leading historians on this problem – V. P. Danilov, M. Levin, V. V. Kondrashin and others, documentary collections devoted to the problems of grain procurements and famine in 1932–1933. The method of comparative historical analysis is applied. However, the author believes that the ideological guidelines of Marxism, which underlie most of the works of Soviet historians, only complicate the problem.
Results and conclusions. According to the author, there is still no conception explaining the phenomenon of collectivization, and the prevailing points of view, considering collectivization through the prism of the modernization approach, also do not explain the course, the results, or the consequences of collectivization. In the author’s opinion, this is also hinders the scientific understanding of modern agrarian history of Russia. Politics always prevailed over the economy in the USSR: collectivization was conceived in order to finally solve the grain problem in the country, it gave rise to the collective farm system, which eventually became the main instrument of state policy in the village with the sole purpose of retaining political power in the country by the ruling communist party. 

Key words

collectivization, modernization, “Bukharin alternative”, collective farming, state capitalism, charter of agricultural farms, natural-geographical factor, famine 1932–1933, grain procurements 


 Download PDF


1. Kondrashin V. V. Rossiyskaya istoriya [Russian history]. 2018, no. 4, pp. 3–13. [In Russian]
2. Rossiyskaya istoriya [Russian history]. 2018, no. 4. Available at: http://rossiyskayaistoriya. rf/forum [In Russian]
3. Koen S. Bukharin: Politicheskaya biografiya: per. s angl. [Bukharin: Political biography: translated from English]. Moscow, 1988. [In Russian]
4. Koen S. «Vopros voprosov»: pochemu ne stalo Sovetskogo Soyuza?: per. s angl. [“Question of questions”: why the Soviet Union did not become?: translated from English]. Moscow, 2011. [In Russian]
5. Popov V. P. «Chernye dyry» v rossiyskom zakonodatel'stve [“Black holes” in Russian legislation]. 2015, no. 4, pp. 11–19. [In Russian]
6. Danilov V. P. Sozdanie material'no-tekhnicheskikh predposylok kollektivizatsii sel'skogo khozyaystva v SSSR [Creation of material and technical prerequisites for the collectivization of agriculture in the USSR]. Moscow, 1957. [In Russian]
7. Danilov V. P. Istoriya krest'yanstva Rossii v XX veke: izbrannye trudy: v 2 ch. [The history of the peasantry of Russia in the XX century: selected works: in 2 parts]. Moscow, 2011, part 1. [In Russian]
8. Danilov V. P. Istoriya krest'yanstva Rossii v XX veke: izbrannye trudy: v 2 ch. [The history of the peasantry of Russia in the XX century: selected works: in 2 parts]. Moscow, 2011, part 2. [In Russian]
9. Kornai Ya. Siloyu mysli: Neordinarnye vospominaniya ob odnom intellektual'nom puteshestvii [By the power of thought: Extraordinary memories of one intellectual journey]. Moscow, 2008, p. 402. [In Russian]
10. Levin M. Sovetskiy vek: per. s angl. [Soviet age: translated from English]. Moscow, 2008. [In Russian]
11. Krest'yanstvo i vlast' v istorii Rossii XX veka: sb. nauch. st. [The peasantry and power in the history of Russia of the twentieth century: collected articles]. Execut. ed. P. P. Marchenya. Moscow, 2011, iss. 2. [In Russian]
12. Litoshenko L. N. Sotsializatsiya zemli v Rossii [Socialization of land in Russia]. Novosibirsk, 2001. [In Russian]
13. Kondrat'ev N. D. Problemy ekonomicheskoy dinamiki [Problems of economic dynamics]. Moscow: Ekonomika, 1989, pp. 135–169. [In Russian]
14. Chuev F. Sto sorok besed s Molotovym: iz dnevnika F. Chueva [140 conversations with Molotov: from the diary of F. Chuev]. Moscow: Terra, 1991. [In Russian]
15. Istoricheskie chteniya na Lubyanke: XX let [Historical readings on Lubyanka: 20 years]. Moscow, 2017, p. 197. [In Russian]
16. «Pervaya zapoved'»: Khlebozagotovki v SSSR. 1931–1932 [“The first commandment”: Bread procurement in the USSR. 1931–1932]. Resp. comp. V. V. Kondrashin. Moscow, 2016. [In Russian]
17. Golod v SSSR. 1929–1934: v 3 t. [Famine in USSR. 1929–1934: in 3 volumes]. Resp. comp. V. V. Kondrashin. Moscow, 2011–2013. [In Russian]
18. Sovremennaya rossiysko-ukrainskaya istoriografiya goloda 1932–1933 gg. v SSSR [Modern Russian-Ukrainian historiography of famine 1932–1933 in USSR]. Science ed. V. V. Kondrashin. Moscow, 2011. [In Russian]
19. Kondrashin V. V. Golod 1932–1933 godov: tragediya rossiyskoy derevni [Famine in 1932–1933: tragedy of Russian village]. 2nd ed., rev. and suppl. Moscow, 2018. [In Russian]
20. Popov V. P. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological researches]. 1995, no. 8–9, pp. 3–13. [In Russian]
21. Popov V. P. Istochnik [Source]. 1997, no. 6, pp. 101–121. [In Russian]
22. Bernstayn G. Sotsial'naya dinamika agrarnykh izmeneniy [Social dynamics of agrarian changes]. Moscow, 2016. [In Russian]
23. Sovremennoe krest'yanovedenie i agrarnaya istoriya Rossii v XX veke [Modern peasant studies and the agrarian history of Russia in the XX century]. Moscow, 2015, p. 289. [In Russian]
24. O sostoyanii i ispol'zovanii zemel' v Rossiyskoy Federatsii v 2016 godu: Gosudarstvennyy (natsional'nyy) doklad [On the state and use of land in the Russian Federation in 2016: State (national) report]. P. 41. Available at: //
v-rossiyskoy-federatsii/ [In Russian]
25. Deryugina I. V. Voprosy statistiki [Statistics issues]. 2010, no. 3, pp. 65–69. [In Russian] 


Дата создания: 14.11.2019 13:08
Дата обновления: 14.11.2019 14:06